North Coast MPA Baseline Program

Joined November 2012

New MPAs were established in California’s North Coast region in 2012. Monitoring will begin in 2014, funded by the California Ocean Protection Council (OPC). The Baseline Program partners (MPA Monitoring Enterprise - a program of the California Ocean Science TrustDepartment of Fish and Wildlife, OPC, and California Sea Grant) are working with the North Coast community and tribal governments to develop a Baseline Program that reflects local interests and priorities in MPA monitoring.

Scientists, fishermen, tribal governments, and citizen groups from 31 organizations will work together to develop a baseline of ocean conditions and human uses. Over the course of the next three years, projects will monitor habitats including kelp forests, rocky shores and beaches as well as commercially important fish populations and iconic seabirds. Projects will also document human uses and the socioeconomic dimensions of MPAs, including changing patterns of fishing and recreational ocean use, and examine patterns of ocean currents across the whole region.

To view descriptions of funded baseline program projects and learn more about those leading them, please open the 'projects' tab below.

Our activities

This table summarizes some of the past and ongoing North Coast research activities, including a general description of each project, key contacts, and links to relevant data and reports. The information provided was informed by conversations with North Coast researchers, agency contacts, and other local experts.

The data and reports produced through these projects may provide important contextual information for interpreting new ecological and socioeconomic data. While referring to this database in not a required element of responding to the North Coast MPA Baseline Program Request for Proposals (RFP), we hope that you will find this a useful information source.

Please feel free to contact Erin Meyer (erin.meyer@calost.org) if you have suggestions for additional projects or any questions.

Primary Organization Involved Secondary Organization Involved Project Name (or general title) Project Lead(s) Project Duration Websites, Data, and Publications
Audubon Society - Mendocino Coast Chapter California Department of Parks and Recreation Save Our Shorebirds Becky Bowen and Angela Liebenberg 2007-2011 http://www.mendocinocoastaudubon.org/mcas_cons.html
Cal State University - Monterey Bay See website. California Seafloor Mapping Project Rikk Kvitek and Guy Cochrane 2008-2009 http://seafloor.csumb.edu/SFMLwebDATA_SURVEYMAP.htm
California Department of Fish and Wildlife California State Water Resources Control Board Reconnaissance Survey of Redwood National Park Area of Special Biologic Significance  Milton Boyd and John DeMartini 1980 Contact project leads for more information.
California Department of Fish and Wildlife See website. CalFish See website.  --- http://www.calfish.org/
California Department of Fish and Wildlife N/A abalone catch data See website. 2002-2009 http://www.dfg.ca.gov/marine/abalonereportcard.asp
California Department of Fish and Wildlife N/A Coastal Watersheds Program - Fishery Resource Projects - Natural Stock Assessment See website. 2003-2008 http://coastalwatersheds.ca.gov/portals/1/HumboldtBay/Monitoring/FisheryResourcesProjects/tabid/658/Default.aspx
California Department of Fish and Wildlife N/A Marine Region Aquaculture and Bay Management Project John Mello 2000-present http://coastalwatersheds.ca.gov/portals/1/HumboldtBay/Monitoring/FisheryResourcesProjects/tabid/658/Default.aspx
California Sea Grant Scripps Institute of Oceanography and University of California San Diego California’s North Coast
Fishing Communities
Historical Perspective and Recent Trends
Caroline Pomeroy, Cynthia Thomson, and Melissa Stevens  --- http://ca-sgep.ucsd.edu/pomeroy/fcp
California State Parks Department See website. Western Snowy Plover Monitoring Program M.A. Colwell, L.J. Eberhart-Phillips, Amber Transou, Keith Bensen, and others  1998 - present http://www.fws.gov/arcata/es/birds/WSP/plover.html
California State University System Humboldt State University Center for Integrative Coastal Observation, Research and Education (CICORE): Eelgrass Ecosystem Utilization Surveys Tim Mulligan 2003-present http://coastalwatersheds.ca.gov/portals/1/HumboldtBay/Monitoring/FisheryResourcesProjects/tabid/658/Default.aspx#Fish_CICORE_eel
County of Humboldt, Department of Health N/A Ocean Monitoring Program See website. 2003-present http://co.humboldt.ca.us/hhs/phb/environmentalhealth/oceanmonitoringprogram/
Green Diamond Resource Company California Department of Fish and Wildlife Fisheries Monitoring - salmonids Seth Ricker and Mike Wallace 2004-present http://coastalwatersheds.ca.gov/portals/1/HumboldtBay/Monitoring/FisheryResourcesProjects/tabid/658/Default.aspx#Fish_GDRC_FishMon
Gualala River Watershed Council N/A Reach Surveys, Water and Air Temperature, Flow, Snorkel Surveys, Spawning Surveys See website. 1992-present http://grwc.info/monitoring.html
Humboldt Bay Harbor District US Fish and Wildlife Service Electronic Tagging of Green Sturgeon Reveals Population Structure and Movement among Estuaries Steven Lindley, Daniel Erickson, Mary Moser, Greg Williams, Olaf Langness, Barry McCovey, and others 2005-2006 http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/publications/docs/electronic_tagging_of_green_sturgeon_reveals_population_structure_and_movement.pdf
Humboldt Bay Harbor District N/A North Coast Pre-MLPA Community-based Socioeconomic Characterization and Risk Assessment John Petterson, Edward Glazier, Adam Wagschal, Carrie Pomeroy, and others  --- http://www.humboldtbay.org/mlpai-and-collaborative-fisheries-research
Humboldt Baykeeper N/A Water Quality Program See website. 2005-present http://www.humboldtbaykeeper.org/programs/water-quality.html
Humboldt State University N/A time series of macro-algal communities Frank Shaughnessy  --- Contact project lead for more information.
Humboldt State University National Park Service A long-term comparison of rocky intertidal communities Cara McGary 2004-2005 http://humboldt-dspace.calstate.edu/handle/2148/22
Humboldt State University National Park Service Abundance and distribution patterns of intertidal fishes within three sites of Redwood National and State Parks Cara Cox 2004-2005 http://humboldt-dspace.calstate.edu/handle/2148/293
Humboldt State University National Park Service The intertidal and subtidal biota of Redwood National Park Milton Boyd and John DeMartini 1974-1976 http://humboldt-dspace.calstate.edu/handle/2148/445
Humboldt State University National Park Service The movement and growth patterns of young-of-the-year black rockfish Mark Lomeli 2007-2008 http://humboldt-dspace.calstate.edu/handle/2148/516
Humboldt State University U.S. Department of Interior, National Park Service Assessment of Coastal and Marine Resources and Watershed Conditions at Redwood National and State Parks (California) Jeffry Borgeld, Greg Crawford, Sean Craig, Emily Morris, Bryanna David, David Anderson, Cara McGary, and Vicki Ozaki --- http://www.nature.nps.gov/water/nrca/assets/docs/redw_coastal.pdf
Humboldt State University U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Parks Service, U.S. Coast Guard Castle Rock Seabird Project Richard Golightly --- http://www.humboldt.edu/wildlife/faculty/golightly/research_castlerock.html
Humboldt State University N/A A floristic analysis of the marine algae and seagrasses between Cape Mendocino, California and Cape Blanco, Oregon Simona Augyte and Frank Shaughnessy 2010 http://humboldt-dspace.calstate.edu/handle/2148/851
Humboldt State University N/A A long term comparison of rocky intertidal communities in Redwood National and state parks Cara McGary and Sean Craig 2004-2005 http://humboldt-dspace.calstate.edu/handle/2148/22
Humboldt State University N/A Abundance and distribution patterns of intertidal fishes at three sites within Redwood National and State Parks, 2004-2005 Karah Cox and Sean Craig 2004-2005 http://humboldt-dspace.calstate.edu/handle/2148/293
Humboldt State University N/A Experimental effects of Black Brant herbivory and fecal addition on the eelgrass animal community in Humboldt Bay, California, USA Adam Frimodig and Frank Shaughnessy 2004-2005 http://humboldt-dspace.calstate.edu/handle/2148/165
Humboldt State University N/A Relationships between eelgrass (Zostera marina) habitat characteristics and juvenile Dungeness crab (Cancer magister) and other invertebrates in southern Humboldt Bay, California, USA Kathleen Williamson and Frank Shaughnessy 2004 http://humboldt-dspace.calstate.edu/handle/2148/72, http://humboldt-dspace.calstate.edu/handle/2148/72
Humboldt State University N/A Spatial and temporal distribution, haulout use and movement patterns of Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) in northern California Allison Fuller and Patricia D. Goley 2006-2011 http://humboldt-dspace.calstate.edu/handle/2148/1264
Humboldt State University N/A Use of rocky intertidal areas by juvenile Sebastes spp. in northern California Rebecca Studebaker and Tim Mulligan 2003-2005 http://humboldt-dspace.calstate.edu/handle/2148/70
Humboldt State University N/A Using a temperature-based GIS model to identify potential habitat for Zostera japonica in Humboldt Bay, CA Andrew Weltz and Frank Shaughnessy 2010 http://humboldt-dspace.calstate.edu/handle/2148/957
Humboldt State University? N/A Strata Formation on Continental Margins Jeffry Borgeld and others 1990s-2000s http://geopubs.wr.usgs.gov/open-file/of01-190/of01-190/
Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS) N/A Central and Northern California Ocean Observing System (CeNCOOS) Frank Shaughnessy and Karina Nielsen 2009-present http://www.cencoos.org/
Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS) N/A High Frequency Radar See website. --- http://www.ioos.gov/hfradar/welcome.html
Mad River Biology Crescent Coastal Research monitoring pelagic cormorants Ron LeValley and Craig Strong --- Contact project leads for more information.
Marine Mammal Center Humboldt State University population surveys of marine mammals & seabirds P. Dawn Goley --- Contact project lead for more information.
Mattole Restoration Council Mattole Salmon Group; Fish and Wildlife Service   Hezekiah Allen and Kate Cenci 2006-2007 http://www.mattolesalmon.org/index.php/reports
Mattole Salmon Group Mattole Restoration Council salmon habitat monitoring Hezekiah Allen and Kate Cenci 200-2008 http://www.mattolesalmon.org/index.php/reports
Mattole Salmon Group N/A salmon population monitoring Kate Cenci 1996-1997, 1999-2009 http://www.mattolesalmon.org/index.php/reports
Mendocino Abalone Watch N/A Abalone Watch William (Bill) Lemos and Rod Jones 2009-present www.mendoabwatch.com/abalone-info
Mendocino High School N/A School of Natural Resources (SONaR) Robert Jamgochian --- http://mendocinohighschool.blogspot.com/2009/01/sonar.html
Multi-agency Rocky Intertidal Network See website. MARINe Core Surveys Pete Raimondi 2001 - present http://cbsurveys.ucsc.edu/findings/findings.html
National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration National Marine Fisheries Service and Southwest Fisheries Science Center Pinniped Aerial Surveys Project Mark Lowry 1973-present http://swr.nmfs.noaa.gov/psd/rookeryhaulouts/ 
National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration National Marine Fisheries Service and Southwest Fisheries Science Center Sturgeon Migration Monitoring Program Steve Lindley 2002-present http://coastalwatersheds.ca.gov/portals/1/HumboldtBay/Monitor/docs/Fish_NMFS_sturgeon.pdf
National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration National Weather Service and National Data Buoy Center National Data Buoy Center Helmut Portmann 1960-present http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/
National Park Service Humboldt State University Assessment of Coastal and Marine Resources and Watershed Conditions at Redwood National and State Parks (California) Jeffry Borgeld, Greg Crawford, Sean Craig, and others  --- http://www.nature.nps.gov/water/nrca/assets/docs/redw_coastal.pdf
National Park Service Humboldt State University Marine Resources of Redwood National and State Parks Tim Mulligan and Sean Craig 2004-2005 http://science.nature.nps.gov/im/units/klmn/Inventories/Intertidal/Documents/Intertidal_RNSP_2006_HSU.pdf
National Park Service N/A aerial surveys of beach extent Contact National Park Service for more information. 1968-present Contact National Park Service for more information.
National Park Service N/A bird surveys - offshore rocks Keith Bensen  --- Contact project lead for more information.
National Park Service University of California, Santa Cruz Monitoring of Rocky Intertidal Communities of Redwood National and State Parks, California Pete Raimondi, David Lohse, and Karah Amman 2006-present http://science.nature.nps.gov/im/units/klmn/Reports/Monitoring_Reports.cfm#intertidal
National Park Service N/A estuary monitoring See website. --- http://www.nps.gov/redw/naturescience/rm-reports.htm
Oregon State University Humboldt State University, USGS Watershed Fire Regime Effects On Particulate Organic Carbon Composition in Oregon and California Coast Range Rivers Jeff Hatten, Miguel Goni, Jeffry Borgeld, Robert Wheatcroft, Jonathon Wariick, and others 2008-2009 http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2010AGUFM.B33E0434H
Partnerships for Interdisciplinary Studies of Coastal Oceans See website. Ecosystem Monitoring Kristen Milligan 2000 - present http://data.piscoweb.org/DataCatalogAccess/DataCatalogAccess.html
ReefCheck California N/A Citizen Monitoring to Improve Marine Conservation Jan Freiwald 2007 http://www.reefcheck.org/rcca/2yr.php
Smith River Alliance N/A Habitat Preferences Grant Werschkull 2005 - present http://www.smithriveralliance.org/resources/library.html
Surfriders Foundation N/A Water quality monitoring Walt Dooley 2011 - present http://mendocountysurfriders.wordpress.com/category/water-testing/
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service California Department of Fish and Wildlife, and California Sea Grant Humboldt Bay Coho Salmon Acoustic Telemetry Project Bill Pinnix 2007 http://coastalwatersheds.ca.gov/portals/1/HumboldtBay/Monitoring/FisheryResourcesProjects/tabid/658/Default.aspx
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Humboldt State University Tidewater Goby Monitoring Program Greg Goldsmith and Andrew Kinziger 1974-present http://coastalwatersheds.ca.gov/portals/1/HumboldtBay/Monitoring/FisheryResourcesProjects/tabid/658/Default.aspx#Fish_USFWS_TWGoby
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service N/A Arcata fisheries and environment See website. 1950-present http://www.fws.gov/arcata/fisheries/reportsDisplay.html
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service N/A Fish Communities in Eelgrass, Oyster Culture, and Mud Flat Habitats of North Humboldt Bay, California Bill Pinnix 2003-2004 http://coastalwatersheds.ca.gov/portals/1/HumboldtBay/Monitoring/FisheryResourcesProjects/tabid/658/Default.aspx
University of California, Sea Grant Extension See website. The collaborative study on juvenile rockfish, cabezon, and kelp greenling habitat associations between Morro Bay, CA to Newport, OR Susan (McBride) Schlosser and Jennifer Bloeser 2002-2005 http://coastalwatersheds.ca.gov/portals/1/HumboldtBay/Monitor/docs/Fish_SeaGr_rockfish.pdf
US Fish and Wildlife Service Humboldt Bay National Wildlife Refuge Complex Castle Rock National Wildlife Refuge Information Synthesis Deborah Jacques 1970s - 2007 http://www.fws.gov/humboldtbay/pdfs/castlerockreport.pdf
US Forest Service, Redwood Sciences Lab Klamath Bird Observatory 21 Years of Northern California Marine Surveys – seabird and mammal observation summaries for WaveConnect energy project planning and monitoring Sherri Miller, C. John Ralph, and others 1989 - 2009 http://elibrary.ferc.gov/idmws/common/opennat.asp?fileID=12386340
US Forest Service, Redwood Sciences Lab Klamath Bird Observatory Klamath Bird Monitoring Network John D. Alexander and C. John Ralph 1992 - 2006 http://www.avianknowledge.net/content/datasets/projects/kbmnpc
Vertebrate Museum, Humboldt State University Marine Mammal Stranding Network marine mammal strandings Dawn Goley  --- http://www.humboldt.edu/vmuseum/strandings.html
N/A N/A seabird population monitoring Craig Strong, Ron LeValley, and Jan Hodder  --- Contact project leads for more information.

 

Recognizing there are many types of information that contribute to our scientific understanding of marine ecosystems, we have expanded the scope of the North Coast Baseline Program to include traditional ecological knowledge (TEK). The following is a list of references and examples of projects that have incorporated TEK:

Selected research articles and books:

  • Berkes, F., J. Colding, and C. Folke. 2000. Rediscovery of traditional ecological knowledge as adaptive management. Ecological Applications, 10(5): 1251-1262.
  • Drew, J.A. 2005. Use of traditional ecological knowledge in marine conservation. Conservation Biology: 1286-1293.
  • Inglis, J.T. (ed) 1993. Traditional Ecological Knowledge: Concepts and Cases. International Program on Traditional Ecological Knowledge and International Development Research Centre, Ottawa, Canada.
  • Nadasdy, P. 1999. The politics of TEK: power and the “integration” of knowledge. Arctic Anthropology, 36 (1-2): 1-18.
  • Neis, B., D. C. Schneider, L. Felt, R. L. Haedrich, J. Fischer, and J. A. Hutchings. 1999. Fisheries assessment: what can be learned from interviewing resource users? Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 56(10): 1949-1963.

Selected websites

If you have additional suggestions for references or websites to add to this list, please contact Erin Meyer (erin.meyer@calost.org).

Related stories

March 2014

Why are sea stars growing sores, losing their arms, and dying within a few days? Sea stars along much of the Pacific coast of North America are experiencing a mass mortality event called sea star wasting syndrome. We talk to Dr. Pete Raimondi of the University of California, Santa Cruz about the coast-wide effort to track the extent and cause of the syndrome and its impacts on sea star populations.  Read more...

February 2014

The announcement that California's 4th - and final - coastal region is set to begin baseline monitoring generated a lot of press. Scientists, fishermen, tribal governments, and citizen groups from 32 organizations will work together to develop a baseline of ocean conditions and human uses in the region.

Over the course of the next three years, projects will monitor habitats inside and outside MPAs including kelp forests, rocky shores and beaches as well as commercially important fish populations and iconic seabirds. Projects also will document human uses and the socioeconomic dimensions of MPAs, including changing patterns of fishing and recreational ocean use, and examine patterns of ocean currents across the whole region.

The program is the culmination of 18 months of collaborative planning, informed by extensive input from the North Coast community and tribal governments. It is also the first MPA baseline program in the state to incorporate traditional...

January 2014

January 30, 2014 – The eleventh and final science grant was announced today to collect ecological information on mid-depth and deep-water (65 – 1,650 feet) ecosystems inside and outside North Coast marine protected areas (MPAs). The project will use remotely operated vehicles (ROVs) to survey these often inaccessible and thus difficult to monitor habitats.

“This project adds an important component to the program because it includes habitats that sustain California’s recreational and commercial fisheries,” said Erin Meyer, an associate scientist from the California Ocean Science Trust, one of the collaborating partners launching this program. “As we work in partnership with the California Department of Fish and Wildlife, California Ocean Protection Council, and California Sea Grant to steward this program, we are excited to broaden the range of projects and scientific information that are part of this important baseline program.”...

December 2013

DECEMBER 17, 2013 – Ten science grants were announced today to collect ecological and socioeconomic information on nearshore ecosystems inside and outside North Coast marine protected areas (MPAs), as the first step in launching a comprehensive baseline monitoring program for the region. Scientists, fishermen, tribal governments, and citizen groups from 31 organizations will work together to develop a baseline of ocean conditions and human uses. An additional grant will be announced in early 2014.

Over the course of the next three years, projects will monitor habitats including kelp forests, rocky shores and beaches as well as commercially important fish populations and iconic seabirds. Projects will also document human uses and the socioeconomic dimensions of MPAs, including changing patterns of fishing and recreational ocean use, and examine patterns of ocean currents across the whole region.

“We are committed to working with the North Coast community to...

August 2013

We are in the final week of the 16-week North Coast MPA Baseline Program Request for Proposals (RFP) open period. Proposals in response to the North Coast MPA Baseline Program RFP are due next Wednesday, August 14 at 5:00 p.m. (PDT). To submit a proposal, log-in to eSeagrant and follow the instructions in Section II-F of the RFP, which provide information on how to set-up an account and start a new application under the “NCMPA Baseline Program”. For questions regarding the eSeagrant system or if you have technical problems with submission, please contact Roberto Chavez at 858-534-4441. For any other questions, please see below for contact information for the Baseline Program Management Team:

...

April 2013

The draft North Coast MPA Baseline Program Request for Proposals (RFP) is available for public comment for one more week, through April 10, 2013. The draft RFP can be downloaded as a PDF file (see “Report(s)” above) and hard copies can be found at a number of locations throughout the North Coast (see “Additional Resources” above, right).

Written comments on the draft RFP are requested by 5:00pm PST on April 10. Comments may be submitted via the following methods:

  • Online: Click here to view the comment form and to submit comments online.
  • Email: Click here to download the...

Videos

Sea Star Wasting Syndrome

Why are sea stars growing sores, losing their arms, and dying within a few days? Sea stars along much of the Pacific coast of North America are experiencing a mass mortality event called sea star wasting syndrome. We talk to Dr. Pete Raimondi of the University of California, Santa Cruz about the coast-wide effort to track the extent and cause of the syndrome and its impacts on sea star populations.  Read more...

Find out more:

Past events

Final RFP Released for 16-week Open Period

24 Apr 2013 - 5:00pm - 14 Aug 2013 - 5:00pm

Proposal Submission Deadline

14 Aug 2013 - 5:00pm

North Coast MPA Baseline Program Bidders Conference

9 May 2013 - 4:00pm - 7:30pm
Humboldt Bay Aquatic Center

Draft RFP Released for 2-week Public Comment Period

26 Mar 2013 (All day) - 10 Apr 2013 (All day)